Anticancer Drug 5-Fluorouracil in Aqueous Solution by Differential Pulse Polarography: An Assessment of Optimum Conditions

Razzaq Abd Al-Zahra Ibrahim, Hussein Kadhem Al-Hakeim, Falah Shareef Abed Suhail


The potassium phosphate buffer as a supporting electrolyte of anticancer drug (5-fluorouracil (5-FU)) was the best among solutions of sodium phosphate buffer and Britton Robinson buffer in differential pulse polarography (DPP) at pH = 7.0 and T = 37 ℃. The changes of temperature did not effect on inactivity of the supporting electrolyte (potassium phosphate buffer at T = 10 - 50 ℃), and pH of the solution did not exceed 2% of each 5 ℃ (at pH = 7.0, by modified thermostat cell). However, the frequency measurements showed clear effect of temperature on diffusion current (Ip /μA) of the chemotherapy compound in the range 20 - 50 ℃ and under primary conditions. Then, the polarography measurements of 5-FU drug (at 10 μmol, pH = 7 and T = 37 ℃) gradually led to the optimum conditions: deposition potential = – 0.9 V; drop size = 9.0 mm3; deposition time = 15.0 sec; equilibration time = 5.0 sec; pulse amplitude = 100 mV; pulse time = 7.0 msec; voltage step = 6 mV; voltage step time = 0.3 sec; and sweep rate = 20.0 mV/sec. The thermal assessment of 5-FU drug (after achievement of the optimum conditions) in a new thermostat vessel at HMDE by DPP showed that the reaction of 5-FU molecules represented pseudo first order reaction, instead of first order); the secondary waves of 5-FU drug may be due to formation of molecular complexes in aqueous solution and the reduction of 5-FU molecules at mercury surface electrode appeared as physisorption, instead of chemisorption.

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Nano Biomedicine and Engineering.

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